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History of Aviation

  • Leonardo Da Vinci

    0000

    "Never regret thy fall,
    O Icarus of the fearless flight
    For the greatest tragedy of them all
    Is never to feel the burning light."
    - Oscar Wilde

  • Leonardo Da Vinci

    1500

    Leonardo da Vinci 1452-1519

    Studied birds & made a fixed wing glider similar to today's hang-glider. For much of his life, Leonardo was fascinated by the phenomenon of flight, producing many studies of the flight of birds, including his c. 1505 Codex on the Flight of Birds, as well as plans for several flying machines, including a light hang glider and a machine resembling a helicopter. Source: Wikipedia

  • Montogolfier Brothers

    1783

    Montgolfier Brothers

    This was the brother's first public showing of a hot air balloon in front of King Louis XVI & Marie Antoinette. Balloon carried a sheep, a duck and a cockerel to show that they would survive in the sky. The picture shows a 1786 depiction of the Montgolfier brothers' historic balloon with engineering data. Source: Wikipedia

  • Samuel P Langley

    1834

    Samuel P. Langley 1834-1906

    Samuel was an American astronomer, physicist, inventor of the bolometer and pioneer of aviation. He was the first to offer a clear explanation of how birds can soar without a lot of wing motion. Source: Wikipedia

  • Ottis Lilienthal

    1895

    Ottis Lilienthal 1848-1896

    Ottis was a German pioneer of early aviation who became known as the Glider King. He produced monoplane gliders controlled by the pilot shifting his weight. He studied best form of wing curvature and the effect of different wing angles for stabilization of aircraft. Source: Wikipedia

  • Clement Ader

    1897

    Clement Ader 1841-1925

    Clement Ander was allegedly the first man to develop a steam powered airplane. He was one of the most influential pioneers of aviation and made important achievements in this area before the wright brothers. Although his accomplishments cannot be completely proven, he is often credited with completing the first fixed wing powered flight on the outskirts of Paris. Many recognize him as the father of French aviation. Source: Wikipedia

  • Orville and Wilbur Wright

    1903

    Orville and Wilbur Wright

    The Wright brothers, Orville and Wilbur, were two Americans credited with inventing and building the world's first successful airplane and making the first controlled, powered and sustained heavier-than-air human flight, on December 17, 1903. In the two years afterward, the brothers developed their flying machine into the first practical fixed-wing aircraft. Although not the first to build and fly experimental aircraft, the Wright brothers were the first to invent aircraft controls that made fixed-wing powered flight possible. Source: Wikipedia

  • Samuel Franklin Cody

    1906

    Samuel Franklin Cody

    He was an early pioneer of manned flight, most famous for his work on the large kites known as Cody War-Kites that were used in World War I as a smaller alternative to balloons for artillery spotting. He was also the first man to conduct a powered flight in Britain, on 16 October 1908. A flamboyant showman, he was and still is often confused with Buffalo Bill Cody whose surname he took when young. Samuel Franklin Cody In England: first powered flight. Source: Wikipedia

  • Cornu Helicopter

    1907

    Cornu Helicopter

    Paul Cornu, a French bicycle maker, designed a rotary wing aircraft known as the Cornu Helicopter. This machine was able to hover at an altitude of slightly less than two meters and sustained flight for less than one minute. Paul Cornu gave up further attempts when he realized that the controls he had designed were unable to stabilize the helicopter effectively. Source: Wikipedia

  • Louis Bleriot

    1909

    Louis Bleriot 1872-1936

    Louis Bleriot was the first man to cross the English Channel in a fixed wing aircraft. With this accomplishment, he showed the world that airplanes were no toys, but useful tools with real life applications. Source: Wikipedia

  • Igor Sikorsky

    1913

    Igor Sikorsky

    A Russian American pioneer of aviation in both helicopters and fixed-wing aircraft. He designed and flew the world's first multi-engine fixed-wing aircraft, the Russky Vityaz in 1913, and the first airliner, Ilya Muromets, in 1914. Source: Wikipedia

  • Vickers Vimy Aircraft

    1919

    Vickers Vimy Aircraft

    The Vickers Vimy was a British heavy bomber aircraft of the First World War and post-First World War era. It achieved success as both a military and civilian aircraft, setting several notable records in long-distance flights in the interwar period, the most celebrated of which was the first non-stop crossing of the Atlantic Ocean while being piloted by John Alcock and Arthur Brown. Source: Wikipedia

  • First Aerial Circumnavigation

    1924

    First Aerial Circumnavigation

    This was conducted by a team of aviators of the United States Army Air Service, the precursor of the United States Air Force. The trip took 175 days, covering over 44,000 kilometers (27,340 mi), without crossing the equator into the southern hemisphere. Source: Wikipedia

  • Richard Byrd

    1926

    Richard Byrd 1888-1957

    Rear Admiral Richard Evelyn Byrd was a naval officer who specialized in feats of exploration. He was the first to fly an airplane to the North pole and the first to the South Pole. Source: Wikipedia

  • Charles Lindbergh

    1927

    Charles Lindbergh 1902-1974

    Charles Lindbergh went from being an unknown U.S. Air Mail Service pilot to one of the most recognizable aviators in history when, at the age of 25, he became the first man to complete a non stop, solo flight across the Atlantic. He completed the flight aboard an single engine, purpose built Ryan airplane. He departed New York on May 20, 1927 and arrived in Paris the next day. Source: Wikipedia

  • Amelia Mary Earhart

    1928

    Amelia Mary Earhart

    Amelia Mary Earhart was an early American aviation pioneer and a well known author. Earhart was the first woman to receive the US Distinguished Flying Cross, awarded when she became the first female aviator to complete a non stop solo flight across the Atlantic. She was a determined advocate for women's rights and her stories about her experiences as an aviatrix gained her a significant audience. Her fame turned to legend when she disappeared without trace while attempting to become the first woman to fly around the world. Source: Wikipedia

  • Amy Johnson

    1930

    Amy Johnson

    Amy Johnson was a pioneering English aviator. Flying solo or with her husband, Jim Mollison, Johnson set numerous long-distance records during the 1930s. She made the first solo flight from England to Australia in a Gypsy Moth by a woman. Source: Wikipedia

  • Submarine s6b Seaplane

    1931

    Supermarine S6B seaplane

    Became the fastest vehicle on earth with a speed record of 407.5mph on 9/29/31. A Supermarine S.6B shown is under construction, showing the Rolls-Royce R engine. Source: Wikipedia

  • Hindenburg Disaster

    1937

    Hindenburg Disaster

    The Hindenburg disaster took place on Thursday, May 6, 1937, as the German passenger airship LZ 129 Hindenburg caught fire and was destroyed during its attempt to dock with its mooring mast at the Lakehurst Naval Air Station. Of the 97 people on board (36 passengers, 61 crew), there were 35 fatalities as well as one death among the ground crew. Source: Wikipedia

  • Hawker Hurricane

    1938

    Hawker—Hurricane

    Planes that formed more than 60% of the Royal Air Force fighter strength during the Battle of Britain. Destroyed more enemy aircraft than any other Allied fighter. Source: Wikipedia

  • Spitfire

    1940

    Spitfire MK 1a

    Most famous aircraft of the Royal Air Force and most effective fighter during the Battle of Britain in 1940. Source: Wikipedia

  • Gloster

    1941

    Gloster E28/39

    World's first successful jet aircraft. Source: Wikipedia

  • First Helicopter Civilian Rescue

    1945

    First Helicopter Civilian Rescue

    On November 29, 1945, a Sikorsky R-5 hovers over a grounded oil barge in Long Island Sound off Fairfield, CT, to perform the first helicopter hoist rescues in aviation history. Source: Sikorsky Archives

  • Chuck Yeager

    1947

    Chuck Yeager

    Charles Elwood "Chuck" Yeager is a retired major general in the United States Air Force and noted test pilot. He flew the XS-1 on a test flight that broke the sound barrier. First supersonic pilot. Source: Wikipedia

  • Hawker

    1960

    Hawker P1127

    The first aircraft that proved the usefulness of vertical takeoff and landing [VTOL] that led to the Harrier Jump Jet. Source: Wikipedia

  • Concorde

    1969

    Concorde

    The supersonic Condorde Jet became the first supersonic commercial airliner. Only 20 aircraft were built and resulted in significant commercial losses throughout its 27 years in service. Among its most famous commercial routes was the supersonic non stop flight between New York and Paris. Its development represented an Anglo-French effort between French Aeroespatiale and British Aircraft Corporation. The Concorde's only crash occurred in the year 2000 and led to its retirement in 2003. Source: Wikipedia

  • Boeing

    1970

    Boeing 747

    The Boeing 747 marked a significant advance in commercial aviation. It was the first wide-body commercial airliner and it held its title as the largest capacity commercial airliner for 37 years. The Boeing 747 is perhaps the most recognizable aircraft in the world. Source: Wikipedia

  • Virgin Atlantic Global Flyer

    2005

    Virgin Atlantic Global Flyer

    The Scaled Composites Model 311 is an aircraft designed by Burt Rutan in which Steve Fossett flew a solo nonstop airplane flight around the world in a time of 67 hours 1 minute from February 28, 2005 until March 3, 2005. Source: Wikipedia

  • Boeing 787 Dreamliner

    2009

    Boeing 787 Dreamliner

    A long-range, mid-size wide-body, twin-engine jet airliner developed by Boeing Commercial Airplanes. Boeing states that it is the company's most fuel-efficient airliner and the world's first major airliner to use composite materials for most of its construction. Source: Wikipedia

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